From planting to harvest, peanuts can be divided into five stages: seed germination, seedling stage, flowering stage, pod setting stage, and full ripening stage.
High Yield Management of Peanuts
In these five periods, the flowering and needle-setting period is the top priority of the entire management, and it is the key period that determines the peanut output and the economic benefits of farmers. During this period, vegetative growth and nutritional growth are carried out at the same time. The number of flower bud differentiation determines the number of flowers, the number of flowers determines the number of needles, and the number of needles determines the number of pods, so strengthen the management of the needle period to promote early flowering. More flowering will be getting more needles, and even peanut needles are particularly important. The following aspects are recommended:
Cultivate the Soil for Peanut Needles
In the blooming period, individual peanut needles at the base begin to enter the soil. Progressively, a large number of peanut needles are about to enter the soil, and because the cultivating soil can significantly shorten the distance of the needles into the soil, and create a loose soil layer for the peanut needles and pod development, it can produce early and more peanut. As a result, the peanut is neat and concentrated, and the weight of peanuts is increased.
Reasonably Control the Growth of Peanut Seedling
When the peanut plant grows to about 40 cm, you can prevent the plant from growing vigorously. If the vigorous growth is not controlled in time, the distance between the peanut needles will increase, the penetration rate of the peanut needles will be reduced, the formation of peanut pods will be reduced, and the yield will be reduced. Plant crooking is also easy to occur in the later growing period, and it is recommended to use chemicals for sterilization and control. This process can use backpack prayers to spray pesticides.
During this period, a lot of water and nutrients are needed for plant growth, flowering, and peanut needle placement. If the soil is dry and the rainfall is low, watering is required. Remember not to flood with flooding, because overwatering will cause root Difficulty respiration, and affect the absorption of nutrients. Especially in the peanut pod-forming period, water must be strictly controlled to prevent rotten peanut. You can use sprinkler irrigation or drip irrigation series to control water volume.
Harvesting, Picking and Peeling
The recommendations for harvesting peanut is how to harvest peanuts easily, effectively, and quickly. Here we will introduce some machines for processing peanut.
The peanuts sold in supermarkets are processed through many steps. If you are planting peanuts in a large area, the peanuts can be harvested with a peanut harvester, which has high efficiency and low damage rate. If you plant in a small area, you can harvest it manually. The harvested peanuts can be picked with a peanut picker machine. After picking, the peanuts are needed to be dried to reduce the moisture content and sterilize. Finally, to peel the peanuts, you can use a large output peanut sheller or a household, stationary peanut sheller. Finally, it can be stored or sold. Peanut harvester, peanut picker, and peanut sheller can help you harvest peanuts easily.