Table of Contents
The purpose of plowing the land with a furrow plow and a reversible furrow plow is to flip and loosen the soil. In this way, it can bury the stubble, straw, weeds, fertilizer, germs, and insect eggs on the ground into the soil. Turn the subsoil up to make it broken and mature. This promotes the decomposition of soil organic matter, improves soil fertility and water storage capacity, improves soil structure, eliminates pests and diseases, and achieves improved water, fertilizer, gas, and heat conditions in the soil.
Brief introduction of furrow plow
The furrow plow is a kind of farm tool for arable land, which is a fully suspended furrow plow. It can break the bottom of the plow, and restore the structure of the soil plow layer. Also can improve the soil moisture retention capacity, eliminate some weeds. And reduce diseases and insect pests, level the ground, and improve the standards of agricultural mechanization operations. It is suitable for soil and dry farming in sandy soil areas. It has the characteristics of simple structure, a wide range of farming adaptability, good operation quality, smooth surface, good performance of broken soil, and small moisture ditches.
The structure of the furrow plow
It consists of a thick blade at the end of a beam. And it usually uses tractors as the power source. You can use it to break up soil blocks and plow trenches to prepare for planting.
The furrow plow consists of the main plow body, plow frame, traction part, plow wheel, and other parts. The main furrow plow body is the main working part, and its working surface is used to cut the soil in the vertical and horizontal directions, turn the soil, and crush the soil. In order to ensure the quality of cultivated land, accessories such as round coulters, small front plows, and small coulters can be installed in front of the main furrow plow body according to the farming requirements and soil conditions. In addition, you can also choose a furrow plow with different numbers of coulters according to the different soil conditions.
Types of furrow plow
- According to the form of coupling with the tractor, it divides into traction, suspension, and semi-suspension.
- According to the power used, it divides into animal power plow, mechanical plow (tractor plow).
- According to the different structures, it divides into a two-way plow, amplitude modulation plow, etc.
- According to the number of operating furrow plow bodies, it divides into a double-shaft plow, three-shaft plow, four-shaft plow, and five-shaft plow.
Advantages of furrow plow
- If use the plow in cold and temperate soils, the depth does not exceed 20 cm, it can loosen the soil and can make the crop straw, fertilizer, and limestone in the soil interact with oxygen.
- Reduce the loss of nitrogen fertilizer caused by volatilization, make the organic matter in the soil turn into humus faster, and make the soil more fertile.
- The plow will eliminate wheel tracks and ruts left by the harvesting equipment. It is also possible to control the growth of perennial weeds before the following spring. Because the upper layer of soil is less, it will accelerate soil warming and water evaporation in spring. So it is helpful to use a lighter planter to sow.
- Plowing can reduce many natural enemies of crops (such as slugs, crane mosquitoes, fruit flies, borers, etc.) and increase the number of soil-feeding earthworms.
The parameters of the furrow plow
Light Duty Furrow Plow
Heavy Duty Furrow Plow
The price of furrow plow
Due to different models, the specific price will vary. You can consult our sales staff, they will recommend the machine only suitable for you according to your needs. They will send you a quotation for the relevant machine at the same time.
Introduction of hydraulic flip plow
Hydraulic flip plow, also known as reversible furrow plow. When using the hydraulic flip plow, you should conjunction it with the tractor. The expansion and contraction of the piston rod in the oil cylinder drive the forward and reverse plow bodies on the plow frame. In this way, it makes a vertical turning movement and alternately changes to the working position. This series of flip plows is suitable for soil, sandy soil areas, and dry farming. It has the characteristics of simple structure, a wide range of farming adaptability. And also has good operation-quality, smooth surface, good performance of broken soil, and small moisture ditches.
The structure of the hydraulic flip plow
Including suspension frame, turning cylinder, non-return mechanism, ground wheel mechanism, plow frame, and plow body. The ground wheel is a dual-purpose mechanism for adjusting the tillage depth of the lead screw. The suspension frame connects with the working host. The plow body connects the plow frame through the plow post.
The plow frame equips a ground wheel mechanism. Which characterizes that the cylinder body of the turning oil cylinder connects with an oil cylinder seat connected to the plow frame. There is a piston rod for telescoping movement in the cylinder. A central shaft is fixed on the plow frame. And the rear end of the central sleeve outside the central shaft connects to the piston rod. The oil cylinder seat and the plow frame connect to drive the central shaft to rotate in the central shaft sleeve.
Advantages of hydraulic flip plow
① The structure of the amplitude-modulated flip bidirectional plow is reasonable.
② Equips with various types of components.
③ Adapt to different farming conditions and unit matching requirements.
④ It equips safety protection devices, using high-quality materials, hydraulic components, and advanced manufacturing technology.
The difference between a split plow and a hydraulic flip plow
The split plow has good turning over and covering performance, which is unmatched with other arable land machines. The split plow is an arable land machine widely used in the long history of agricultural production in the world. Most split plows can only turn the ridge in one direction, and it will form a closed ridge after turning the ridge.
The emergence of hydraulic flip plows can solve the problem of ridge closure. The hydraulic flip plow is to install two sets of left and right flip plow bodies on the plow frame. Through the turning mechanism, the two groups of plow bodies work alternately in the reciprocating stroke, forming a shuttle-shaped farming operation. Turn the soil to one side, and the ground is level after plowing. This can reduce the workload of land preparation after plowing, reduce the idle stroke of the tractor, and improve the productivity of plowing.
Correct use and adjustment of hydraulic flip plow
Preparation before ploughing
The first is to check the integrity of the machine tool. Whether there is any damage, missing parts, and whether the bolts are loose. Ensure that the equipment is intact. And fasten the bolts.
The second is to adjust the configuration of the first part of the flip plow. When a wheeled tractor is plowing, generally one wheel has to go in the furrow. The inner side of the tire that walks in the furrow and the wall of the trench generally maintain a gap of 1-2cm. And when installing the first part, in the horizontal position, place the end of the plowshare on the trench wall line. Make the cutting width of the first part exactly equal to the design width of the single part plow body. If not, when the hydraulic flip plow shuttles back and forth, it will leave furrows or ridges between each working width.
The third is to check and adjust the wheelbase. Check the distance H between the inner side of the tractor’s rear wheel and the distance h from the side plate of the first plow of the flip plow to the center of the shaft. It is required to meet H/2=h+b, and b is the single plow width. When this condition cannot be met, adjust the flip plow. If you cannot adjust the flip plow, adjust the tractor track to meet the requirements. When adjusting the track, adjust the rear wheel track must be adjusted first, and then the front wheel must be adjusted according to the rear wheel track. Wheelbase.
The fourth is to check the tire pressure. When plowing, the tire pressure should be 80-110KPa. The specific instructions shall prevail.
Fifth, check whether the hydraulic oil of the tractor is enough and whether the hydraulic quick coupling is intact. When connecting with the hydraulic oil pipe of the flip plow, connect according to the oil pipe mark on the flip plow.
The connection of tractor and plow
After the inspection, we are going to hook up the hydraulic flip plow. The coupling of the tractor and the hydraulic flip plow is a three-point suspension. Before hooking up, we must first adjust the left and right pull-down rods to ensure the level of the left and right pull-down rods.
The specific adjustment method is as follows: park the tractor on a flat road, use the hydraulic lifting handle to drop the pull-down rod, and check whether the center of the ball joints connected to the left and right pull-down rods is consistent with the ground height.
If the left and right heights are inconsistent, you can adjust the length of the left and right lifting rods to make them consistent. After the left and right, pull-down rods are leveled, the hydraulic flip plow will be hooked up. Connect the ball heads of the left and right pull-down rods to the left and right lower suspension points of the plow respectively, and lock them with pins to prevent them from falling off.
After the pull-down rod is connected, connect the upper pull rod of the tractor, connect the upper pull rod and the upper suspension point of the hydraulic flip plow with a pin, and lock it with a pin to prevent it from falling off. After the three-point suspension is connected, operate the hydraulic handle to raise the hydraulic flip plow, adjust the left and right limit rods (some limit chains), so that the plow is in the middle of the two wheels, and the hydraulic flip plow can only swing slightly from side to side.
Adjustment of the plow frame
When the tractor is plowing, we adjust the horizontal level of the plow frame of the hydraulic flip plow to ensure that the plow post is vertical to the ground during plowing. Because of the plowing operation of wheeled tractors, one wheel usually walks in the furrow. The tractor has a certain inclination angle, which will cause the plow frame to be laterally not horizontal, that is, the plow post is not perpendicular to the ground.
The method of adjusting the horizontal level of the plow frame is as follows: Adjust the plow frame turning limit screw. By adjusting the length of the two limit screws on the left and right, the plow column can be perpendicular to the ground after the plow enters the soil.
After adjusting the horizontal level, we also need to adjust the vertical level of the plow frame. If the longitudinal direction of the plow frame is not horizontal, inconsistent plow depths and longitudinal instability will occur when the plow is turned over. When adjusting the vertical level of the plow frame, it is mainly to adjust the length of the upper rod.
During plowing, observe whether the front and back of the plow frame are horizontal. When the plow frame is low in the front and high in the back, the first plowshare of the flip plow will be too deep, and the rear section is too shallow. In some cases, there will be a phenomenon that the plowing depth is too deep and cannot be pulled. At this time, it can be solved by lengthening the upper tie rod; and if the plow frame is high in the front and low in the rear, it will cause the first plowing depth to be too shallow and the rear part too deep, and it is difficult to plow into the soil. At this time, it can be solved by shortening the upper lever.
Adjustment of working depth and working width
For the adjustment of working depth, hydraulic flip plows generally have limited depth wheels. And you can adjust the working depth by adjusting the depth limit wheel screw. If the working depth is too shallow, adjust the screw to raise the depth-limiting wheel; but if the working depth is too deep, adjust the screw to lower the depth-limiting wheel.
For working width adjustment, some flip plows have an amplitude modulation function. Which can adjust the working width according to the soil conditions. The way to adjust the working width is generally to adjust the length of the screw. Adjust the working width by changing the angle of the plow frame relative to the shaft.
The angle of the reversible furrow plows into the soil
Regarding the adjustment of the angle of the turning plow into the soil, in order to make the turning plow perform well in the soil under different soil conditions, many turning plows have the function of adjusting the entering angle.
Common adjustment methods are: loosen the fastening bolts between the plow body and the plow column, and the positioning adjustment bolts.
Strike the plow body to slightly increase or decrease the angle of the plow body relative to the plow post to increase or decrease the angle of soil entry. After adjusting the angle of soil entry, tighten the fixing bolts and position adjustment bolts.
Flip operation of reversible furrow plow
The operation method of the hydraulic flip plow is as follows: There are generally two types of hydraulic flip plows. One is that there is no automatic reversing valve on the cylinder, and the other is that there is an automatic reversing valve on the cylinder. The operation methods of the two hydraulic flip plows are different when they are flipped.
As for those without an automatic reversing valve on the cylinder. When turning over, first raise the turning plow to the highest position. And then manipulate the reversing handle to turn over. When operating, push or pull the control handle first. Once the turning plow crosses the centerline position, immediately operate the control handle in the opposite direction. In this way, the plow can be turned over.
For the oil cylinder with an automatic reversing valve, you can complete the whole process of turning by turning the control handle in one direction at the time of turning, without needing to reverse the control handle.
Parameters of reversible furrow plow
Maintenance of reversible furrow plow
(1) Regularly remove the dirt and weeds that stick to each plow body.
(2) Every time you plow a ridge to the ground, pick up the plow during the journey to avoid plowing on the spot.
(3) After farming, check all parts for damage or loss in time. Once you find a problem, repair and replace it immediately.
(4) Prohibition of oil leakage or oil leakage in the hydraulic system
(5) Inject lubricating oil once every 200 acres of land wheel work. And inject once every shift in other oils injection points.
(6) Replace the plowshare in time after it warns out. And replace and repair other parts if they warns out.